Emergencies and disability

In emergency situations of natural disaster or conflict, people with disabilities are very often excluded or neglected. This is mainly due to the exclusionary policies and practices of governments, service providers and humanitarian actors, attitudinal barriers, and lack of knowledge regarding the specific challenges that people with disabilities face. Additionally, there is a lack of participation by people with disabilities in contingency planning and disaster risk management.

In the short-term, emergency situations can cause injury and malnutrition, leading to disability. In the longer term, destruction to health and education services can lead to higher rates of disease, and for example, lower rates of vaccination, which again can result in disability. In post-war emergency situations, armed violence can remain for many years and mental health problems can also persist in war-affected populations for many years.

There is need to include people with disabilities in the planning of humanitarian responses, for example regarding the provision of inclusive and accessible shelters, sanitation, healthcare, food and education. Inclusive emergency response and collaboration is supported by articles 11 and 32 of the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD).

This key list gathers introductory information, manuals and guides, specific resources for mental health and education in emergency situations, and case studies about people with disabilities in emergency situations. We welcome your suggestions: please send comments or suggested additions to sourceassistant@hi-uk.org.

Selected resources

Introductory resources

Anthropological perspectives on disasters and disability : an introduction

FJORD, Lakshmi,
MANDERSON, Lenore
2009

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Using a disability conceptual framework to anthropologically review disasters, this article emphasises the needs of those with fewest resources and highlights the benefit of the inclusion of disabled people in disaster preparedness, response and recovery plans. This article is useful to people interested in disability and disasters
Human Organization, Vol 68, No 1

Bonn declaration

DISABILITY AND DEVELOPMENT COORPERATION (BEZEV)
et al

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This conference paper provides an extensive list of recommendations and policies to ensure inclusive aid in emergency situations, including tips for response, planning and rehabilitation. It is useful to people interested in people with disabilities in humanitarian emergency situations
"Disasters are always inclusive. Persons with Disabilities in Humanitarian Emergency Situations"
Bonn, Germany
7 - 8 November 2007

Disability and disaster : victimhood and agency in earthquake risk reduction

WISNER, Ben
April 2002

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This paper examines the relationship between disability and disaster. The definition of disability is explored, as well as implications for policy and practice in emergency management,. The need for the inclusion, partnership and participation of people with disabilities in disaster management and planning is highlighted. This paper is useful to anyone interested in disability and disasters

Disability and disasters : the importance of an inclusive approach to vulnerability and social capital

SMITH, Fred,
JOLLEY, Emma,
SCHMIDT, Elena
October 2012

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"This paper outlines the importance of applying a structural approach to vulnerability to disasters and presents evidence on the relationship between disability and disaster-related risks in low and middle income countries"
Note: Accepted under the "Addressing Inequalities" Global Thematic Consultation - Call for Proposals for Background Papers, Oct 2012

Disability and disasters : towards an inclusive approach | World Disaster Report 2007 : focus on discrimination

KETT, Martha,
TWIGG, John
2007

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This chapter explores why people with disabilities are often ignored or excluded at all levels of disaster preparedness, mitigation and intervention, and the mechanisms now in place to redress this, including the recent UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities; and what they are doing to make themselves more resilient to disasters

Disability and displacement

REFUGEE STUDIES CENTRE, UINVERSITY OF OXFORD
July 2010

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The 27 feature theme articles in this issue of Forced Migration Reveiw show why disabled people who have been displaced need particular consideration and highlight some of the initiatives taken (locally and at the global level) to change thinking and practices, so that their vulnerability is recognised, their voices heard, and responses are inclusive

Disability and public shelter in emergencies

TWIGG, John
et al
2009

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This presentation presents the good practices, experiences, context and ways forward for disability and public shelter in emergencies and emphasises the need for inclusive emergency planning. This presentation is useful for people interested in disability and public shelter in emergencies
UCL Research Challenges 2009

Disability in conflicts and emergencies

ATLAS ALLIANCE,
CHRISTOFFEL BLINDENMISSION (CBM)

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This factsheet presents a general overview of disability in conflict and emergencies. Case studies are highlighted to emphasise that disabled people are often the most at risk in emergency situations, that disasters and crises lead to disability, and the importance of good planning and accessiblility. This resource is useful to people interested in disability, conflict and emergencies

Disability in emergency : accessing general assistance and addressing specific needs

SCHERRER, Valérie
May 2007

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This article provides general information about why people with disabilities are vulnerable and highlights Handicap International’s emergency responses including details about Disability Focal Points (DFP). It concludes by making inclusive recommendations to other emergency actors. This article is useful for people interested in disability in emergency situations
VOICE out loud, Issue 5

Disability in humanitarian context : views from affected people and field organisations

HANDICAP INTERNATIONAL
July 2015

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This report is based on the results of a global consultation carried out in 2015 as a contribution to the World Humanitarian Summit and is intended to better identify the changes needed for a disability inclusive humanitarian response. A total of 769 responses were collected through 3 online surveys targeting persons with disabilities, disabled people's organisations (DPOs) and humanitarian actors. The results demonstrate that while most humanitarian actors pledge to target vulnerable persons in crisis time, few of them are putting in place specific mechanisms and procedures to effectively reach to, and taking into account, persons with disabilities in their programmes. Addressing these challenges is a human right imperative and has also to do with an effective implementation of principled humanitarian aid. This ambition requires changes in policies and practices within the humanitarian community as a whole

Disability inclusion : translating policy into practice in humanitarian action

PEARCE, Emma
March 2014

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This report “documents positive practices and ongoing challenges to promote disability inclusion across UNHCR’s and its partners’ work in multiple countries and multiple displacement contexts. The report provides lessons and recommendations for other organizations and the wider humanitarian community on engaging persons with disabilities at all levels of humanitarian work. It draws on consultations with over 700 displaced persons, including persons with disabilities, their families, and humanitarian staff, in eight countries”

Note: This report is also offered in plain text format

Disability inclusion in drought and food crisis emergency response

CHRISTOFFEL BLINDENMISSION (CBM) AUSTRALIA
et al
July 2011

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"This factsheet provides base level information to practitioners for awareness raising, training, advocacy, project design and proposal writing. The information may be used and sent out widely, with reference to the Kenya Red Cross, The Association of the Physically Disabled of Kenya, CBM and Handicap International. The overall information in this factsheet is also applicable to older persons and other vulnerable groups"

Disability, conflict, and emergencies

KETT, Maria,
VAN OMMEREN, Mark
November 2009

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This article examines the inclusion of people with disabilities in situations of risk, including armed conflict. It highlights that a combination of mainstreaming disability and specifically targeting groups within humanitarian work is most likely to lead to greater inclusion and long-term benefits for the whole community. This article is useful to people interested in disability, conflict and emergencies
To access this article, users need to register (free) online
The Lancet, Vol 374, Issue 9704

Disability, natural disasters and emergency situations

UNITED NATIONS ENABLE

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This factsheet presents information about disability in disaster, emergency, and conflict situations. It provides details about the need to include persons with disabilities, a legal framework to support the inclusion of persons with disabilities, and how to respond to the need of persons with disabilities. Links are provided to related resources. This resource is useful for people interested in disability and humanitarian situations

Disasters, disability and rehabilitation

WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION (WHO). Department of Injuries and Violence Prevention
2005

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This paper describes the difficulties people with disabilities face following a disaster. The paper discusses disabled people's rehabilitation needs both during the 'acute' phase immediately after the disaster, and the longer-term reconstruction phase and discusses both institutional and community-based rehabilitation approaches are discussed

Emergency and humanitarian assistance and the UN convention on the protection and promotion of the rights and dignity of persons with disabilities

INTERNATIONAL DISABILITY AND DEVELOPMENT CONSORTIUM (IDDC) TASK GROUP ON CONFLICT AND EMERGENCIES

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"This paper is to inform and raise awareness about the UN Convention of the Rights of Persons with Disabilities and explain the significance of the UN Convention to the work of Emergency and humanitarian assistance. It includes points of recommendation from the IDDC Task Group on Conflict and Emergencies on how the needs of persons with disabilities and their families can best be addressed in emergency and humanitarian crisis situations"
"This paper is intended for use by non-governmental organisations active in the field of humanitarian aid, including emergency aid, rehabilitation, disaster preparedness and conflict prevention. It is also intended to be a useful summary guide for policy makers and donors active in the field of emergencies and humanitarian assistance to include disability issues"

Emergency planning for people with disabilities and other special needs

CAMERON, Carl T

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This article identifies the issues related to the inclusion of disabled people in the emergency planning process and identifies the information and support needs of disabled people. Written in the wake of US disasters (September 11th, hurricanes), the article discusses options for inclusion of disabled people in the emergency planning process

Excreta disposal for physically vulnerable people in emergencies

OXFAM
2007

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This technical brief provides useful information about waste disposal in emergencies for people with physical disabilities. Latrine and bathing designs and modifications are given based upon best practice from the field. This document is useful for people interested in excreta disposal for physically vulnerable people in emergencies

For a UNHCR executive committee conclusion on disability

INTERNATIONAL DISABILITY AND DEVELOPMENT CONSORTIUM (IDDC)
et al
June 2009

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The paper highlights identified gaps and issues regarding specific protection and concerns of people with disabilities in emergency situations. Detailed priority measures are recommended for all stakeholders providing assistance to refugees and displaced persons to provide full access to assistance and protection to persons with disabilities in the design, implementation and monitoring of their programmes

Humanitarian response : how to include everyone?

HANDICAP INTERNATIONAL
2015

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This advocacy briefing paper presents key information about the inclusion of persons with disabilities and most vulnerable people in humanitarian response. It highlights key facts and issues during humanitarian emergencies such as lack of access, gaps and legal policy and frameworks. It outlines practical steps can be taken by humanitarian actors at different levels and suggests ways to measure progress

Advocacy briefing paper

Including people with disabilities in emergency relief efforts

OOSTERHOFF, Pauline ,
KETT, Maria
November 2014

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This issue focuses on the inclusion of people with disabilities in emergency relief efforts and concludes that “more must be done to ensure the needs and rights of people with disabilities are fully recognised in disaster risk reduction and emergency responses. Accelerating progress will require inclusive humanitarian programming and the use of technological solutions to be effectively promoted and incentivised, and people with disabilities and their organisations to be involved from the outset in the design and implementation of policies and programmes”

IDS Rapid Response Briefing 8

Oslo conference on disability and conflicts in emergency

ATLAS ALLIANCE

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This resource presents information about an international conference on disability in conflicts and emergencies which focused upon meeting the needs of vulnerable and disabled people in humanitarian situations. It features a summary from the chair of the conference, participant interviews, and conference presentations. This website would be useful to those who work with disabled and vulnerable people in conflict and disasters situations
"Reaching the most Vulnerable" Conference
Oslo, Sweden
30-31 May 2011

People with disabilities in crisis response

INTERNATIONAL LABOUR ORGANIZATION (ILO)
May 2003

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The ILO's InFocus programme on crisis response and reconstruction has focused particularly on disabled ex-combatants in a number of countries including Afghanistan, Angola, Cambodia, Ethiopia, Mozambique and Namibia. Projects in these countries have assisted governments, agencies, local NGOs and organisations of persons with disabilities to provide vocational skills training, mostly in mainstream vocational training centres but also in special rehabilitation centres

Promoting safe egress and evacuation for people with disabilities

MCGLENNON, Michael,
GREEN, White Young,
MONTGOMERY, Stephen
2008

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This aims of this guide are threefold: it provides awareness on the issue of egress and the implications for people with disability; it identifies egress features that are normally designed into buildings and preparing risk assessments and emergency evacuation plans; and it offers guidance on providing safe egress for people with disabilities. This resource would be of interest to anyone with an interest in disaster management, disability and safety

The impact of climate change on people with disabilities

GLOBAL PARTNERSHIP FOR DISABILITY & DEVELOPMENT (GPDD)
2009

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This report presents information from the e-discussion which shared information and knowledge about the needs of people with disabilities and good practices for inclusion in situations such as natural and man-made disasters, emergencies, violence and conflict, scarcity of resources, and development efforts, all of which will be affected by climate change. Related resources and e-discussion questions are provided in the appendices
Impact of Climate Change on People with Disabilities
E-Discussion hosted by The Global Partnership for Disability and Development (GPDD) in partnership with the World Bank’s Disability and Development team
8-12 December 2009

Manuals and guides

Accessibility for all in an emergency context : a guideline to ensure accessibility for temporary infrastructure, WASH facilities, distribution and communication activities for persons with disabilities and other vulnerable persons

HANDICAP INTERNATIONAL
2009

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This practical manual provides technical guidelines for physical and communication accessibility to ensure that persons with disabilities can access all emergency facilities. Illustrations with key points are highlighted. These guidelines would be useful for emergency stakeholders who are interested in inclusive accessible designs for emergency facilities

Accommodating individuals with disabilities in the provision of disaster mass care, housing, and human services

Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)

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This document is a reference guide for disaster relief planners and service providers. It is intended to outline the legal standards relating to equal access for disabled people. Specifically, this resource describes access requirements that relate to mass care, housing and human services. A key feature of this resource, is a glossary and summary of relevant US legislation and law. This would be useful for anyone interested in disability and disaster situations

Disabilities among refugees and conflict-affected populations : resource kit for field workers|Improving services for displaced persons with disabilities : lessons learned and ideas for action

WOMEN'S COMMISSION FOR REFUGEE WOMEN AND CHILDREN
June 2008

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This resource kit offers ..."practical ideas on how to improve services and protection for people with disabilities and enhance their inclusion and participation in community affairs. It is based on the findings of five country field studies, as well global desk research into other refugee and internally displaced persons programmes and an analysis of existing international policies and practices relating to displaced persons with disabilities. It would be useful to United Nations, non-governmental organisation, community-based organisation and disabled people's organisation field staff working with refugees, asylum seekers and internally displaced persons with disabilities"

Disability checklist for emergency response : general protection and inclusion principles of persons with disabilities/injuries

HANDICAP INTERNATIONAL
2010

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Adapted from the 'Disability Task Force', this checklist provides useful guidelines about general protection and inclusion principles for people with disabilites or injuries in emergency situations. The following topics are highlighted: health, food and nutrition; water, sanitation and hygiene; protection; psychosocial support; reconstruction and shelter; livelihoods; and education. This checklist would be useful for practitioners interested in the protection and inclusion of people with disabilities in emergency situations

Disability sensitive planning for rehabilitation and reconstruction | Guidelines for planning in the re-building process : resource pack

INTERMEDIATE TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT GROUP (ITDG)
2005

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This is a chapter in Guidelines for planning in the re-building process, a resource pack that covers a wide range of aspects of post-disaster work, based on the experience of post-tsunami reconstruction in Sri Lanka. Chapter five covers disability aspects of reconstruction, and draws attention to disabled people's special needs in terms of housing, healthcare, etc. The chapter also deals with the prevention of disabilities in a post-disaster situation and helping disabled people to develop their livelihoods

Disaster preparedness for people with disabilities

KRAMER, Heidi
2003

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Disasters can happen anytime, anywhere, and sometimes without warning. The American Red Cross developed this manual for disabled people to prepare them for disaster or emergency situations. It aims to elevate the self-confidence of disabled people based on knowledge, preparation, and practice, giving them the best chances of recovery from a disaster.
The booklet comes with personal assessments and a checklist for how to prepare for disaster. Although the booklet has been prepared for North America, it mentions aspects that will be valuable in most other countries and regions

Emergency tips for people with specific disabilities

INDEPENDENT LIVING RESOURCE CENTRE SAN FRANSCISCO
2003

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This paper is aimed at disabled people. It gives emergency tips for people with specific disabilities such as mobility disabilities, psychiatric disabilities, visual disabilities and others on what to do in the case of an emergency. Tips include preparing an emergency kit, making an evacuation plan, and writing down instructions to assist emergency workers. Although aimed at disabled people in the United States, the tips have some relevance to disabled people in the South

Guidelines for creating barrier-free emergency shelters

CURTIN, Michael
February 2009

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This manual provides guidance on the design and building of barrier-free emergency shelters that are used by all people within a community following a natural disaster, such as a flood or landslide. It provides information with examples of the essential aspects to consider when designing and building barrier-free emergency shelters, such as ramps, toilets, cooking areas, waterpumps and shelters. Recommendations are also highlighted to ensure accessible environments for people with specific disabilities. The information for this manual is based upon a 'Mainstreaming disability and people with disabilities into disaster management in Nepal' project, which was implemented by Handicap International in December 2007. This manual is useful for people interested in the design and building of barrier-free emergency shelters

How to include disability issues in disaster management : following floods 2004 in Bangladesh

HANDICAP INTERNATIONAL
September 2005

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After the 2004 floods in Bangladesh, Handicap International supported the most vulnerable groups through mitigation activities as well as disaster prepareness and management, with a particular focus on the special needs of the persons with disabilities. The purpose of this publication is to provide practical ideas and concrete knowledge to include disability issues in disaster management. Although it is based on floods, ideas can be adapted to any type of disaster

Mainstreaming disability into disaster risk reduction : a training manual

ULMASOVA, Irina,
SILCOCK, Nathalie,
SCHRANZ, Björn
January 2009

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This manual aims to build professionals' capacities to mainstream disability in disaster risk reduction and to improve general knowledge on disability and disaster risk reduction. It is designed in a logical modular sequence, providing practical tools and guidelines for topic-related training sessions. Each training session is detailed with suggested time allocation, methods, tools and learning objectives. The information is based upon a 'Mainstreaming disability and people with disabilities into disaster management in Nepal' project, which was implemented by Handicap International in December 2007. A CD-Rom is available to accompany the manual. This manual is useful for people interested in mainstreaming disability into disaster risk reduction

Sphere guidelines : humanitarian charter and minimum standards in humanitarian response|3rd Ed

THE SPHERE PROJECT
2011

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This handbook establishes shared principles and a set of universal minimum standards in core areas of humanitarian response. It provides a new chapter on protection principles, which considers the protection and safety of populations affected by disaster or armed conflict as an integral part of humanitarian response. It describes core standards for effective and accountable humanitarian response and advocacy, and outlines the minimum standards in the following four technical chapters: water supply, sanitation and hygiene promotion; food security and nutrition; shelter, settlement and non-food items; and health action. Each minimum standard highlights key actions, key indicators and guidance notes
This edition also addresses emerging issues, such as climate change, disaster risk reduction, early recovery of services and livelihoods, cash transfers, and civil-military relations. Understanding and supporting local responses to disaster is a priority reflected in the whole handbook, as is reinforcing the capacity of local actors
This handbook is useful to all working in humanitarian response

The disability and vulnerability focal points (DVFP)

AURENCHE, Benoit
et al
May 2014

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Disability and Vulnerability Focal Points (DVFPs) are one of the ways in which Handicap International addresses the need to take effective, concrete action on behalf of those made vulnerable – including people with disabilities – in emergencies. DVFPs are organised as a network including DVFP structures and almost always mobile teams, whose role is making sure that aid reaches vulnerable people, rather than waiting for vulnerable people to reach the aid. This guide is intended as a practical tool for setting up a complete DVFP mechanism

Toolkit for long term recovery|Haiti : reconstruction for all

GPDD WORKING GROUP ON HAITI RECONSTRUCTION
August 2010

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This toolkit suggests strategies and tools to improve disaster recovery and reconstruction practices for disabled people. It is structured around the following seven major thematic areas related to disability inclusive recovery and reconstruction: physical environment; livelihood, employment and social protection; transportation and communication; education; health; capacity building of disabled people's organisations (DPOs); and organisational and operational issues. This toolkit is useful for humanitarian agencies and NGOs in disasters situations

Mental health in emergencies

IASC guidelines for mental health and psychosocial support in emergency settings

INTER-AGENCY STANDING COMMITTEE (IASC)
2007

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These guidelines provide information to organisations and individuals on how to respond during humanitarian emergencies by highlighting eleven specific action sheets that offer practical guidance on mental health and psychosocial support. The guidelines include a matrix of interventions with guidance for emergency planning, actions to be taken in the early stages of an emergency, and comprehensive responses needed in the recovery and rehabilitation phases. This resource is gives humanitarian actors useful inter-agency, inter-sectoral guidance and tools for responding effectively in the midst of emergencies

IASC guidelines for mental health and psychosocial support in emergency settings : checklist for field use

INTER-AGENCY STANDING COMMITTEE (IASC)
2008

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This resource provides a summary of the guidelines for mental health and psychosocial support in emergency settings. It details a general introduction, a matrix of minimum responses in the midst of emergencies, and eleven checklists for key actions of emergency response. The checklists cover the following areas: coordination; monitoring and evaluation; protection and human rights; community mobilization and support; health services; education; dissemination of information; food security and nutrition; shelter and site planning; water and sanitation. This resource is useful for humanitarian agencies and practitioners

Mental health in emergencies : mental and social aspects of health of populations exposed to extreme stressors

WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION (WHO). Department of Mental Health and Substance Abuse
2003

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A large number of people are exposed to extreme stressors that are a risk factor for mental health and social problems. This report describes principles and strategies that can be applied in resource poor settings where there are people who have been exposed to extreme stressors, such as refugees, internally displaced persons, disaster survivors and populations exposed to terrorism, genocide or war

Inclusive education in emergencies

Education in emergencies : including everyone

PINNOCK, Helen
February 2009

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The guide outlines useful principles for an inclusive emergency education approach, provides advice for strategies and actions at key stages of an emergency, offers advice on dealing with challenges, and highlights what support emergencies' education staff should expect from their organisations. It is aimed at anyone working to provide, manage or support education services in emergencies, and complements the INEE Minimum Standards for Education in Emergencies, Chronic Crises and Early Reconstruction

INEE pocket guide to supporting learners with disabilities

LEWIS, Ingrid,
LITTLE, Duncan,
PINNOCK, Helen
2010

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This guide offers practical ideas for including children and young people with disabilities in education during or after an emergency. It addresses current barriers to inclusive education. Specific sections cover curriculum content , tests and learning assessments. This guide will assist anyone working with teachers or facilitators in an emergency, whether as part of the formal education system or a non-governmental programme

Case studies

African conflicts and the disability toll

MASAKHWE, Phitalis Were
2004

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Conflict is one of the major reasons for impairments in Africa. This article makes the connection between disabled people, conflicts, the national governments and the international community

Ageing and disability in humanitarian response : a resource book of inclusive practices

QURESHI, Waqas Ashfaq
Ed
June 2011

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This report reviews the contributions of international NGOs, NGOs, Disabled People Organisations and other stakeholders in the disability and ageing sector. Their responses to mainstreaming disability and/or ageing issues in humanitarian response in Pakistan are presented, and general recommendations are provided. This report would be useful to those who work with disabled and older people in disaster situations

Call for a disability-adjusted response to the Tsunami disaster

TER HAAR, Aartjan
April 2005

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This article focuses on the discussion statement that 'people with disabilities are forgotten in emergency situations.' Experience from other emergency relief work shows that people with disabilities are easily excluded from emergency relief systems and do not benefit from them. As a result, they need specific attention in order to benefit from relief work.

Disability in conflict and emergency situations : focus on tsunami-affected areas

KETT, Maria,
STUBBS, Sue,
YEO, Rebecca
2005

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This research report, produced for the UK Department for International Development's disability knowledge and research programme (Disability KaR), investigates the extent to which disabled people are included in emergency programmes following the tsunami in Asia. It also assesses the impact of networking and the role of resources in post-tsunami contexts in Sri Lanka, with contributions from India and Indonesia.
The research methodology was based on a wide range of principles and approaches, and underpinned by a social model approach. Particular tools were developed by field workers. Principles from emancipatory research were used, such as ensuring that the research fully involved and promoted the rights of disabled persons, while remaining flexible and sensitive as required in emergency and conflict situations

Disability inclusion in the Syrian refugee response in Lebanon

PEARCE, Emma
July 2013

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This report presents the key findings and recommendations from a four-week field assessment conducted by the Women's refugee Commission in Spring 2013 in northern and eastern Lebanon. Key findings are shared about the situation of Syrian refugees with disabilities, and recommendations are provided to the United Nations Refugee Agency (UNHCR) and partners.

Disabled people and disaster recovery : a tale of two cities?

PRIESTLEY, Mark,
HEMINGWAY, Laura
February 2007

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This paper explores the connection between disability and natural disasters. It also investigates the regional and global response to the Asian tsunami in 2004 and hurricane Katrina, in the USA, in 2005. It would be useful for anyone with an interest in the inclusion of disabled people, and disabled peoples organisations in disaster recovery and preparedness. It is particularly relevant to article eleven of the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities concerning situations of risk and humanitarian emergencies

Haiti mission report|February 6 - March 7 2010

EITEL, Sue
April 2010

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This report provides a comprehensive overview of the initial post-disaster efforts in relation to injury, rehabilitation and disability in the aftermath of the Haiti Earthquake of 12 January 2010. Recommendations are made for future actions to assist in the promotion of better management of people with disabilities during the long-term recovery of Haiti and in the care of people with disabilities in future crises elsewhere in the world

Inclusion of people with disabilities in emergency situations : the case of the Sierraleonean refugee-camps on the Guinea border

HEEREN, Nick
2006

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"In this article, the author looks at a Handicap International’s project towards people with disabilities in a civil war situation. Hundreds of thousands of Sierraleonean refugees amassed at the end of the nineties in refugee-camps in neighbouring Guinea. Many of them became victims of outrageous atrocities, notably the maiming of innocent civilians, men, women and children, by cutting off hands or lower-arms. Handicap International developed a double track approach which is elaborated in various domains (rehabilitation, health, education, vocational training, habitat, micro-credit, etc.) moving towards main-streaming disability in emergency response"
Zeitschrift Behinderung und Dritte Welt : Journal for Disability and International Development, No 1

Looking with a disability lens at the disaster caused by the tsunami in South East Asia

OOSTERS, Barbara
2005

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Disabled people are likely to feel the negative impact of a crisis more than other citizens. Their ability to cope and survive may be completely dependent on others, and the capacity of any family to support its disabled members is keenly tested. Anecdotal evidence from acute emergencies suggests that disabled people suffer particularly high rates of mortality and morbidity. In addition to those who were disabled before the onset of the crisis, many more become disabled

Participatory evaluation report : mainstreaming disability in emergency response and local development

BARI, Nazmul
April 2012

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The report analyses findings from a project that aimed to improve quality of life of persons with disabilities and promote a social change by increasing their inclusion in humanitarian efforts and developmental programmes. The objective of the project, and this accompanying report, is to increase understanding and capacity of mainstream and humanitarian agencies, government bodies, civil society, NGOs and local organisations of how to include persons with disabilities in emergency response, early recovery and rehabilitation and developmental programmes.  The report will be of use to organisations that are mainstreaming disability within their own structures and supporting other organisations on these issues

Towards a disability-inclusive emergency response : saving lives and livelihoods for development

SCHERRER, Valérie
2006

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"This article, based on the extensive experience of Handicap International in the field of emergency actions, describes why taking into account disability at an early stage of a crisis (or even better in a disaster preparedness phase) can prevent complications, diminish the number of disabled victims and so safe lives and livelihoods. It also gives some ideas to improve practice"
Zeitschrift Behinderung und Dritte Welt : Journal for Disability and International Development, No 1